How to approach IELTS Writing Task 1 – Expounding Graphs!

  1. You should write at least 3-4 paragraphs and a minimum of 150 words. This is the fundamental requirement.
  2. In the starting paragraph, one needs to rephrase the question statement. One can start the paraphrase using the following feeds:

The table shows/illustrates the trends in …. between …….

The graph shows……

The chart shows how the ….. have changed ……

The graph depicts….  and the changes….

The graph/chart/table/diagram……gives information….about/on

The graph represents…..

The graph provides information about….

3. The second sentence of the introduction should give an overview of the Chart, graph, and diagram in question. By looking at the start and end of the graph one should be able to write an overview.

4. By looking at the chart one can know if one has to illustrate a progress, draw a comparison or both. The choice of the words for each type will be very important. For show a progress one can write ‘there is a marginal increase’ or to compare use ‘they are identical or correlative’.

5. Make good use of synonyms to avoid repetition. E.g. (decrease, comes down, falls) etc.

6. Describe the most common trends in second paragraph, including the most obvious features.

7. Practice the use of linking words to make your writing skills more academic and illustrative. You can use Linkers like:- while, moreover, however, despite, etc.

8. In the third paragraph give some detailed information. You still need to focus on main trends but try to depict the core trends like, for a period of 15 years there was a gradual upward trend till 1999, there after it plummeted quite significantly. Always use data to back your arguments.

9. Avoid going into all the minor facets, as it may sound very boring and way too descriptive. Instead of writing:  ‘there was a continues upward and downward movement from 5% to 7% for a Period of 1year, before it bounced back and then fell again to 3%. Write: ‘It fluctuated between 5%-7% in the year 1999 with a slight improvement afterwards’.

10. Eschew writing a conclusion for IELTS writing task 1. Instead, you should write an “Overview” of the information. An overview could go either at the end or near the beginning. I suggest, it’s a good idea to expound the main features of the graph or chart at the beginning of the report. 

11. Refrain from making spelling errors, punctuation mistakes, using contractions and mixing the use of the following words: Percentage and Percent.

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IELTS Writing

IELTS Writing

IELTS Writing consists of 2 tasks; the total time to perform them is 60 minutes. It’s recommended to spend 40 minutes on the second task and 20 minutes on the first one because the result of the second part determines the final mark for the test. IELTS Writing is usually the most difficult section of the exam. For all foreign candidates, and therefore it requires the most Intense preparation.

The first task in IELTS Writing in the Academic Module consists of the description of information that is presented in the form of diagram, charts, tables or graphics.

What abilities are tested?

  • the ability to describe the information objectively;
  • the ability to contrast and compare the information;
  • the ability to use specialized graphics language, not to express your own opinion and don’t evaluate the data.

In the General Module, you should write a letter in which it is necessary to describe the problem and its possible solution.

What is tested in this task?

  • the ability to conduct personal correspondence;
  • the ability to analyze and provide general information;
  • the ability to express your wishes, needs, preferences, express complaints, opinions, etc.

For both modules of IELTS, the second task includes writing an essay in which you have to explain your own point of view on controversy view or the issue. IELTS essay is more important than the first part of the section.

What abilities are tested in the IELTS essay?

  • One should be able to come up with solutions;
  • the ability to express your opinions;
  • the ability to contrast and compare the opinions and facts;
  • the ability to evaluate facts, ideas or arguments.

In this article we present some effective tips which will help you to fulfill IELTS Writing:

  • Don’t be impatient!

Yes ! it is very important to perform both tasks of the section, but that doesn’t mean that you have to start writing immediately. Start writing only when you know the jist of the story.

  • Don’t use the phrases from the Question.

If you rewrite the whole task the examiner will not count these words, so your 260 words can turn into 230 if you’re not careful.

  • Expand the vocabulary

In IELTS Writing you need to demonstrate your knowledge of vocabulary. Therefore, always check for repetition of words. It doesn’t mean that you have to use long sentences, on the contrary, try to use the words with exact meaning.

  • Check what you have written

It is important to check your texts for grammar mistakes. Before official taking the exam, make a list of your most common errors. Try to practice as much as you can, it will be perfect if you write essays on the different topics every day.


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